What You Need To Know About The 7.62 x 39 Ammo
7.62 x 39 Ammo had its start to serve as military ammunition. But with better developments in
the same, it gradually made its way to commercial use because of its low cost and wide
availability. Today, the cartridge is widely used in sports shooting and hunting.
The existence of 7.62×39 Ammo begins from World War II in the Russian Landscape. GRAU
INDEX 57-N-231 was first developed in 1943. Because this cartridge had a case length of 41
mm, it is sometimes known as the 7.62 X 41. It has a lead core, unlike 7.62×39. Also, the bullets
were shorter with a thicker tip. The boat tail was absent.
In the subsequent years, much modification took place on the structure to improve the short-
range performance. The reduction in the case sleeve to 38.7 mm was done to maintain the entire
length of the cartridge. So, then it was named the 7.62×39. It had a low-carbon steel core. The
bullets were called 7.62 PS.
In mid-1947, the 7.62×39 cartridge with the PS bullet managed to overcome the GAU's concerns.
It became a new prototype for AK 47 and went through several ground tests.
The Russian team created a unique subsonic bullet for the 7.62×39 cartridge in the mid-1950s. It
was put into service in 1962 with the name 7.62 US. In the 1980s, it went through further
modifications to form the BS version with a longer tip. The steel core in this one had high carbon
content and was heat-treated at the time. This modification increased their penetration by 1.5–2
7.62 BS was officially adopted in service in 2002. The Soviets opted to employ it in various new
small weapons, such as a semi-automatic carbine, a light machine gun, and a fully automatic
Several versions of 7.62 x 39 mm are available for diverse applications. It has variants such as
M47, M67, and commercial ammunition. A variant of it also exists in Military ammunition of
Chinese (Type 56).
The Range Performance
7.62×39 ammo belongs to short-range ammunition. Its long-range performance is not close to
remarkable. The bullet seems hefty and sufficient power is not available. It may be why it is so
damp and falls from the sky with almost no power. With a maximum effective range of 400
meters, we can say it is most effective within 200 meters.
What is the degree of injury based on Range?
The intensity and width of the injured area start to diminish after 100 yards. Soft bullets lose the
capacity to inflict fatal wounds at around 200 yards. You can't expect any killer injuries at that
range. Moreover, at 200 yards, residual energy and excessive wind drift are extremely minimal.
The 7.62×39, as recommended, is the ideal Ammo to hunt lighter or medium-size animals in
close proximity. With military FMJ, shooting on the chest is typically delayed, while there can
be no evidence of damage to animals shot beyond 200 yards.
Also, it may prove to perform well for home defence if you have fast hands. Because in such
cases, all you want is to pose a threat to the intruder. And 7.62 x 39 Ammo can reliably stop a
Is 7.62 x 39 Ammo good for training?
To use it as military weapons may not be the best due to the strong trigger and semi-automotive
functions. The 7.62 can cause unsatisfactory experiences due to the frequently delayed death.
However, the 7.62×39 may be used reliably by the youngsters or trainees with correctly targeted
bolt action rifles, with soft spot munitions employed at near to moderate ranges, together with
excellent instruction in shot placement.